Quick Answer: How Many Types Of Industrial Relations Are There?

What is difference between HR & IR?

In sum, HR management is the process of hiring, managing, and developing an organisation’s staff so that they bring full value to the organisation.

IR management refers to the dynamic relationship between employers, employees, and the institutions through which these relationships are conducted..

What is the purpose of industrial relations?

The Industrial Relations Commission conciliates and arbitrates to resolve industrial disputes, sets conditions of employment and fixes wages and salaries by making industrial awards, approves enterprise agreements and decides claims of unfair dismissal.

What are the causes of poor industrial relations?

5 Causes of Poor Employer-Employee RelationsEconomic Causes: Poor wages and poor working conditions are the main reasons for unhealthy relations among management and labour. … Organisational Causes: … Social Causes: … Psychological Causes: … Political Causes:

What is industrial relations system?

An industrial relations system consists of the whole gamut of relationships between employees and employees and employers which are managed by the means of conflict and cooperation.

What are the three actors in industrial relations?

There are many models of industrial relations. Notable among these is the British model. In the British model of industrial relations, there are three principal actors. These are: (i) the workers and their trade unions, (ii) the employers and their associations, and, (iii)the government and its agencies.

How can industrial disputes be prevented?

Prevention of Industrial Disputes – 2 Ways to Avoid Conflict between Employer and Employees or Employers and Workmen: Tripartite Bodies & Standing Orders (SOs)Way # 1. Tripartite Bodies:Way # 2. Standing Orders (SOs):Preventive Measure # 1. Labour Welfare Officer:Method # 2. Code of Discipline:Method # 3.

How can we solve industrial disputes?

Collective Bargaining. Collective bargaining is probably the most effective method of resolving industrial disputes. … Code Discipline. The code of discipline defines duties and responsibilities of employers and workers. … Grievance Procedure. … Arbitration. … Conciliation. … Adjudication. … Consultative Machinery.

Who is the father of industrial relations?

The pluralist industrial relations school of thought traces back to Sidney and Beatrice Webb in England, John R. Commons (the father of U.S. industrial relations), and members of the Wisconsin school of institutional labor economists in the early twentieth century.

What are the main aspects of industrial relations?

The main aspects of industrial relations can be identified as follows:Promotion and development of healthy labour — management relations.Maintenance of industrial peace and avoidance of industrial strife. ADVERTISEMENTS: Development and growth of industrial democracy.

What is mean by industrial disputes?

The Industrial Disputes Act defines “Industrial dispute” as a dispute or difference between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with employment or non-employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of labour.

What are the main causes of industrial disputes?

The causes of industrial disputes are many and varied. The major ones related to wages, union rivalry, political interference, unfair labour practices, multiplicity of labour laws, economic slowdown and others.

How can we promote industrial peace?

The following measures should be taken to achieve good industrial relations:Progressive Management: … Strong and Stable Union: … Mutual Accommodation: … Sincere Implementation of Agreements: … Workers’ Participation in Management: … Sound Personnel Policies: … Government’s Role:

What are the effects of industrial disputes?

Arputharaj and Gayatri [6] opined that the consequences of industrial disputes are many, but gave a brief general description of these as disturbance of economic, social and political life of a country, loss of output, decline in the demand for goods and services, lasting loss to the workers, increase in indebtedness, …

What is industrial peace?

Noun. industrial peace (uncountable) A state in industrial relations in which both employer and employees abstain from industrial action, such as strikes and lockouts.

What are the different types of industrial disputes?

Types of Industrial Disputes: Strikes, Lockouts, Picketing, Gherao, Lay Off, Retrenchment and BoycottType # 1. Strikes:Type # 2. Lockouts:Type # 3. Picketing:Type # 4. Gherao:Strikes:Lockout:Lay Off:Retrenchment:More items…

What is the difference between industrial relations and labor relations?

Essentially, employee relations is a two person relationship between employee and employer. The focus is on how to effectively manage and strengthen this relationship. Industrial Relations on the other hand, is a three person relationship between the organisation, the union and the workforce that the union represents.